Brian P. Dunleavy
Brian P. Dunleavy
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Saliva-based COVID-19 tests as accurate as those using nose, throat samples

Saliva-based COVID-19 tests as accurate as those using nose, throat samples

Less-invasive saliva testing for COVID-19 may be just as accurate as nasal swab-based tests, a new study has found. File Photo by Thomas Maresca/UPI |tests that use patients' saliva to screen for the virus are just as effective as those that use swabs collected from the nose and throat, an analysis published by found.Saliva-based tests correctly identified those infected with the new coronavirus 83% of the time, while nose-throat swab tests were 85% accurate, the review of data from 16 studies showed.The saliva tests also were 99% accurate at identifying those negative for COVID-19, roughly...

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Brian P. Dunleavy
3d ago
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Regular aspirin use can lower risk for death in bladder, breast cancers

Regular aspirin use can lower risk for death in bladder, breast cancers

Aspirin appears to improve survival in bladder and breast cancer, according to a new study. Photo by Mike Steele/FlickrPeople who take aspirin at least three times per week are more likely to survive bladder cancer, according to an analysis published Friday by .Regular aspirin use also was associated with a reduced risk for death from breast cancer, the data showed.However, taking aspirin had no effect on a person's risk for getting several forms of the disease, including bladder, breast, gastrointestinal or pancreatic cancers, the researchers said.Aspirin also did not reduce a person's...

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Brian P. Dunleavy
2d ago
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COVID-19 reduced U.S. life expectancy, particularly among minorities

COVID-19 reduced U.S. life expectancy, particularly among minorities

Life expectancy in the United States has declined significantly in the last year because of the COVID-19 pandemic, according to a new analysis. Photo by /PixabayThe pandemic reduced life expectancy in the United States in 2020 by more than a year, from roughly 78.5 years to 77.5 years, an analysis published by the found.Life expectancy for Black people in the United States could fall by more than two years, while it may drop by more than three years for Latino people, the data showed.For White people, it could fall by less than a year, according to the researchers.The virus killed more than...

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Brian P. Dunleavy
3d ago
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CDC: New COVID-19 strain could become 'predominant' in U.S. by March

CDC: New COVID-19 strain could become 'predominant' in U.S. by March

The B.1.1.7 strain of COVID-19 could become the "predominant" one in the United States by March, CDC researchers say. Illustration courtesy of CDCA more contagious strain of could become the "predominant" one in the United States by March, potentially making it even harder to get the pandemic under control, researchers from the predicted Friday.The B.1.1.7 variant is believed to have first emerged in England in September, although it wasn't identified until last month.It has been detected in more than 30 countries, with 76 cases across 10 U.S. states, the CDC researchers said.The variant's...

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Brian P. Dunleavy
3d ago
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Study: Retinal stem cells from cadavers may help restore vision in blind

Study: Retinal stem cells from cadavers may help restore vision in blind

Retinal stems cells could help treat blindness, researchers say. Photo by /PixabayRetinal stem cells collected from human cadavers offer a potential treatment for blindness, according to the authors of an article published Thursday by .Healthy retinal pigment epithelium cells implanted under the macula of blind monkeys used in the study restored at least some vision without serious side effects, researchers from the Mount Sinai School of Medicine in New York City said.The retinal pigment epithelium is a layer of pigmented cells in the retina and the macula is the central part of the...

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Brian P. Dunleavy
4d ago
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College campuses may be COVID-19 'super-spreaders,' study finds

College campuses may be COVID-19 'super-spreaders,' study finds

Researchers say that college and university campuses have been COVID-19 super-spreaders. File photo by Bill Greenblatt/UPI |More than half of colleges across the country reported "spikes" in cases, suggesting students and others may be "super-spreaders," according to a study published Wednesday by the journal .The analysis of 30 colleges and universities from across the United States found that more than half, at their peak, had more than 1,000 cases of the virus per 10,000 people on campus, the data showed.The findings add to the fear that students and staff members sickened during these...

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Brian P. Dunleavy
5d ago
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CDC: Young adults account for most COVID-19 cases among young people

CDC: Young adults account for most COVID-19 cases among young people

Young adults are driving new infections in many parts of the country, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention said. File Photo by Bill Greenblatt/UPI |Adults between 18 and 24 years old account for nearly 60% of new cases among young people, according to data released Wednesday by the .Young adults were involved in roughly 1.7 million of the nearly 2.9 million cases of the new coronavirus reported in people under age 24 between March 1 and Dec. 12 of last year, the data showed.Of the documented cases in this age group, 96% experienced symptoms, agency researchers said.Conversely,...

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Brian P. Dunleavy
5d ago
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Cancer deaths in U.S. down by nearly one-third in last 20 years, analysis finds

Cancer deaths in U.S. down by nearly one-third in last 20 years, analysis finds

Improved diagnosis and treatment approaches have helped reduce cancer deaths in the United States, according to a new analysis. Photo by klbz/Deaths from cancer in the United States fell 31% between 1991 and 2018, according to an analysis published Tuesday by the .However, the report estimates that this year, nearly 1.9 million people will be diagnosed cancer and more than 600,000 will die from the disease.The estimates are based on currently available data on cancer incidence and mortality from 2018 and do not account for the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic, the society said."The impact of...

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Brian P. Dunleavy
5d ago
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Many in U.S. nervous about seeking medical care due to COVID-19, survey says

Many in U.S. nervous about seeking medical care due to COVID-19, survey says

Many Americans are delaying medical appointments because of the pandemic, a new survey has confirmed. Photo by John Liston/FlickrNearly 70% of adults in the United States worry about going to medical appointments when rates are high in their area, according to a survey released Tuesday by the Orlando Health Heart and Vascular Institute in Florida.More than half of those surveyed said they are "hesitant" to go to the hospital even for an emergency. In addition, nearly half of respondents indicated they won't reschedule missed in-person medical appointments until COVID-19 concerns are reduced...

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Brian P. Dunleavy
6d ago
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U.S. expands COVID-19 vaccine priority to include all seniors 65 and up

U.S. expands COVID-19 vaccine priority to include all seniors 65 and up

Federal officials on Tuesday announced that COVID-19 vaccine availability includes people aged 65 years and older. File Photo by John Angelillo/UPI |U.S. Department of Health and Human Services officials Tuesday expanded vaccine availability during the initial phase of distribution to include people age 65 years and older.The changes also give priority to those with underlying health conditions that place them at higher risk for serious illness from COVID-19 infection, officials said.People with conditions such as diabetes, heart disease and respiratory illnesses such as chronic obstructive...

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Brian P. Dunleavy
6d ago
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Oral sex frequency, number of partners linked to HPV-related cancer risk in study

Oral sex frequency, number of partners linked to HPV-related cancer risk in study

A new study suggests that frequency, number of partners and age of first time engaging in oral sex are linked to significantly increased risk for HPV-related cancers. Photo by /PixabayHaving more than 10 oral sex over a lifetime partners quadruples a person's risk for human papillomavirus-related mouth and throat cancer, a study published Monday by the journal found.In addition, having oral sex at a younger age, and with more partners, also increases the risk for cancers of the mouth and throat caused by human papillomavirus, or HPV, the data showed."Our research helps patients and...

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Brian P. Dunleavy
7d ago
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Study: Coffee reduces risk for prostate cancer

Study: Coffee reduces risk for prostate cancer

Coffee consumption may reduce prostate cancer risk, a new analysis has found. File Photo by Bill Greenblatt/UPI |Drinking several cups of coffee daily appears to lower risk for developing prostate cancer, according to an analysis published Monday by .Each additional daily cup of coffee reduced the drinker's risk for the cancer, the data showed."This study suggests that increased coffee consumption may be associated with a reduced risk of prostate cancer," researchers from Shengjing Hospital of China Medical University wrote."Further research is still warranted to explore the underlying...

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Brian P. Dunleavy
6d ago
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COVID-19 hospitalization rates for children rise in U.S., study finds

COVID-19 hospitalization rates for children rise in U.S., study finds

Children are being hospitalized with COVID-19 at an increasing rate, a new study has found. Photo by John Angelillo/UPI |The hospitalization rate for children across the United States increased by 800% over the course of six months between mid-May and mid-November of last year, according to a study published Monday by .The analysis of data from 22 U.S. states revealed that trends in hospitalization rates for children infected with the new coronavirus nationally typically mirrored those of older adults, the researchers said.However, while children are far less likely to be hospitalized...

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Brian P. Dunleavy
7d ago
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Fatigue, breathing, mental health problems may persist for months after COVID-19

Fatigue, breathing, mental health problems may persist for months after COVID-19

COVID-19 symptoms can persist for months, even if patients don't experience serious illness initially, two new studies have found. File Photo by Debbie Hill/UPI |More than 75% of people diagnosed with have at least one symptom of the disease six months after they were infected with the virus, a study published Friday by found.Fatigue and muscle weakness were the most common persistent symptoms, affecting more than 60% of study participants, the data showed.In addition, about one in four participants reported sleep difficulties or symptoms of anxiety or depression months after they were...

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Brian P. Dunleavy
Jan 8
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Study: Parents born early nearly twice as likely to have children with autism

Study: Parents born early nearly twice as likely to have children with autism

Parents born prematurely or with low birth weight are nearly twice as likely to have children with autism spectrum disorder, a new study has found. File Photo by nickelbabe/Parents who were born very prematurely are nearly twice as likely to have children with autism spectrum disorder, according to a study published Thursday by the .Women and men who were born at less than 37 weeks or with low birth weight were more likely to have children diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder than those born at full term and healthy weight, the data showed.The findings suggest that autism spectrum...

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Brian P. Dunleavy
Jan 7
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Study suggests COVID-19 may have remained in Wuhan past April

Study suggests COVID-19 may have remained in Wuhan past April

A neighborhood wet market in Wuhan was identified as the epicenter of the COVID-19 pandemic, and the virus may have lingered longer in the city than previously thought, according to a new study. File Photo by Stephen Shaver/UPI |The outbreak in Wuhan, China may have lasted into May, according to an analysis published Thursday by .If accurate, the findings are significant given that Chinese officials declared the city free of the virus and lifted lockdown restrictions there in April."We conclude that ... a large amount of asymptomatic carriers of [the new coronavirus] existed after...

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Brian P. Dunleavy
Jan 7
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Researchers close in on 'universal' flu vaccine as COVID-19 fight takes priority

Researchers close in on 'universal' flu vaccine as COVID-19 fight takes priority

Researchers may be one step closer to a universal flu vaccine, even as COVID-19 takes priority. File Photo by Roger L. Wollenberg/UPI |Researchers believe they are one step closer to a "universal" flu vaccine, even as concerns over the seasonal virus move to the back burner during the pandemic.T cells found in the lungs may hold the key to long-lasting immunity against influenza A, the more common and often more severe form of the virus, according to the researchers behind a study published Friday by .These cells, which the researchers call resident helper T cells, help the body initiate...

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Brian P. Dunleavy
Jan 8
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