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How Does the European Union Work?

How Does the European Union Work?

SummarySince the end of World War II, European countries have sought to deepen their integration in pursuit of peace and economic growth. The institutions that became the European Union have steadily expanded and strengthened their authority as member states have passed more and more decision-making power to the union.More From Our ExpertsHowever, the EU has been buffeted by a series of crises in recent years that have tested its cohesion, including the 2008 global financial crisis, an influx of migrants from Africa and the Middle East, and . In early 2020, the bloc struggled to craft a...

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James McBride
Jun 27
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The Changing Style of African Coups

The Changing Style of African Coups

Blog PostBlog posts represent the views of CFR fellows and staff and not those of CFR, which takes no institutional positions.Something of a democratic recessional is underway in sub-Sahara, with a weakening of civil society and democratic institutions. This both reflects and facilitates assaults on civilian, secular governments by domestic insurrections—as well as jihadi and criminal elements—against the backdrop of an economic slowdown and COVID-19. As the August coup in Mali shows, military seizures of power have not disappeared entirely. Nevertheless, the old style of coups—occupation...

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John Campbell
Oct 15
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Iran-Backed Militias in Iraq Poised to Expand Influence

Iran-Backed Militias in Iraq Poised to Expand Influence

Many Iraqi lawmakers vowed to evict U.S. troops from their country after a U.S. air strike near the Baghdad airport in early January killed Qasem Soleimani, commander of Iran’s Quds Force, and Abu Mahdi al-Muhandis, commander of the Iran-backed, mostly Shiite militias collectively known as the Popular Mobilization Forces (PMF). That hasn’t happened, but the Donald J. Trump administration could be in the middle of evicting itself.More From Our ExpertsThe United States recently announced plans to reduce the U.S. troop contingent in Iraq , and in late September, Secretary of State Mike Pompeo...

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Max Boot
Oct 13
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