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Wearable device uses sonar to reconstruct facial expressions

Wearable device uses sonar to reconstruct facial expressions

ITHACA, N.Y. – Cornell researchers have developed a wearable earphone device – or “earable” – that bounces sound off the cheeks and transforms the echoes into an avatar of a person’s entire moving face, utilizing acoustic technology to offer better privacy.A team led by , assistant professor of information science, and , professor of information science, designed the system, named EarIO. It transmits facial movements to a smartphone in real time and is compatible with commercially available headsets for hands-free, cordless video conferencing.Devices that track facial movements...

Jul 20
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Overly restrictive salt intake may worsen outcomes for common form of heart failure

Overly restrictive salt intake may worsen outcomes for common form of heart failure

Restricting salt intake is considered a key component of heart failure treatment, but restricting it too much may actually worsen the outcomes for people with a common form of the condition, suggests research published online in the journal Heart.Younger people and those of black and other ethnicities seem to be most at risk, the findings indicate.Salt restriction is frequently recommended in heart failure guidelines, but the optimal restriction range (from less than 1.5 g to less than 3 g daily) and its effect on patients with heart failure with preserved ejection fraction isn’t clear as...

Jul 20
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Cardiac death rates declined for both Black and white Americans since 1999, but racial disparities persist

Cardiac death rates declined for both Black and white Americans since 1999, but racial disparities persist

BOSTON – While it’s well-established that Black adults experience a disproportionately high burden of cardiovascular risk factors and disease in comparison to white adults in the United States, few gender-based analyses of recent national trends exist. Additionally, it is unclear how disparities in cardiovascular mortality between Black and white Americans have changed over time across key geographic determinants of health, such as living in residentially segregated areas – a direct manifestation of structural racism.    In a new paper published in Circulation,...

Jul 20
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Scientists advocate for further research on benefits of exercise training for managing multiple sclerosis

Scientists advocate for further research on benefits of exercise training for managing multiple sclerosis

East Hanover, NJ. July 18, 2022. A team of experts encouraged ongoing investigation of the benefits of exercise training for individuals with multiple sclerosis, citing shortcomings of available studies. They outlined their outlook for this avenue of research in, “Exercise in multiple sclerosis,” published in Lancet April 20, 2022. (: 10.1016/S1474-4422(22)00045-X.Link:The authors are Brian Sandroff, PhD, of Kessler Foundation, Robert W. Motl, PhD, of the University of Illinois Chicago, V. Wee Yong, PhD, from the University of Calgary in Canada, Gary R Cutter, PhD, at the University of...

Jul 20
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No evidence that depression is caused by low serotonin levels, finds comprehensive review

No evidence that depression is caused by low serotonin levels, finds comprehensive review

After decades of study, there remains no clear evidence that serotonin levels or serotonin activity are responsible for depression, according to a major review of prior research led by UCL scientists.The new umbrella review – an overview of existing meta-analyses and systematic reviews – published in Molecular Psychiatry, suggests that depression is not likely caused by a chemical imbalance, and calls into question what antidepressants do. Most antidepressants are selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), which were originally said to work by correcting abnormally low serotonin...

Jul 20
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Depression linked to consuming an inflammatory diet, increasing risk of frailty

Depression linked to consuming an inflammatory diet, increasing risk of frailty

A new study published in The Journal of Gerontology: Medical Sciences found a link between depression, diet, and the development of frailty. Frailty, defined as a recognizable state of increased vulnerability resulting from a decline in function across multiple physiological systems, affects 10-15% older adults and often co-occurs with other health conditions, like depression.Frailty, defined as a recognizable state of increased vulnerability resulting from a decline in function across multiple physiological systems, affects 10-15% older adults and often co-occurs with other health...

Jul 20
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US youth firearm mortality increases over the past decade; trends differ significantly across states

US youth firearm mortality increases over the past decade; trends differ significantly across states

Philadelphia, July 19, 2022 – Not a day goes by without reports of more tragic incidents of gun violence against children. In 2020, firearms were the leading cause of death in children in the United States. While alarm at increasingly frequent school shootings, suicides, accidents, and other senseless deaths is mounting, the US has not moved forward as a nation to stem this rising tide. An by state of US youth firearm mortalities statistics from 2010-2019, which appears in the (AJMO) published by Elsevier, provides important clues about how to effectively address these problems.The...

Jul 20
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Convalescent plasma futile as treatment for critically ill COVID-19 patients

Convalescent plasma futile as treatment for critically ill COVID-19 patients

PITTSBURGH, Oct. 4, 2021 – In the earliest days of the , the medical community turned to a century-old treatment: Take blood from recovered patients and give it to the sick. The hypothesis was that components in the so-called “convalescent plasma” that fought off the disease once could do it again, something that has worked in other diseases, such as .Today, an international research team, which included physician-scientists and patients, effectively put an end to that practice with a clinical trial that concluded convalescent plasma is “futile” as a COVID-19 treatment for most critically...

Oct 5
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Depression rates tripled and symptoms intensified during first year of COVID-19

Depression rates tripled and symptoms intensified during first year of COVID-19

EMBARGOED UNTIL – Monday, October 4, 2021 – 5:00 a.m. ETContact:Michael Saunders,Jillian McKoy,##Depression Rates Tripled and Symptoms Intensified during First Year of COVID-19People with lower incomes and who experienced multiple COVID-related stressors were more likely to feel the toll of the pandemic, as the socioeconomic inequities in mental health continue to widen.Depression among US adults persisted—and worsened—throughout the first year of the COVID-19 pandemic, according to a new study by Boston University School of Public Health (BUSPH).Published in the journal , the...

Oct 4
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Search for best strategy to control COVID-19 outbreaks without hurting tourism leads to one key policy

Search for best strategy to control COVID-19 outbreaks without hurting tourism leads to one key policy

What policies should be the ideal COVID-19 strategy to control outbreaks without closing borders and compromising the tourism economy? The search for answers led researchers to one crucial protocol.To contain the pandemic, various policies restricting travel have been put in place. These policies, however, harmed many economic sectors, especially tourism. Simulations ran by a team of Hiroshima University (HU) researchers found that imposing quarantine protocols proved to be the most effective measure when it comes to avoiding outbreaks and disruptions on tourism services. “A comparison...

Jul 20
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