mit.edu
mit.edu
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) is a private research university in Cambridge, Massachusetts. The institute is a land-grant, sea-grant, and space-grant university, with an urban campus that extends more than a mile (1.6 km) alongside the Charles River. The institute also encompasses a number of major off-campus facilities such as the MIT Lincoln Laboratory, the Bates Center, and the Haystack Observatory, as well as affiliated laboratories such as the Broad and Whitehead Institutes. Founded in 1861 in response to the increasing industrialization of the United States, MIT adopted a European polytechnic university model and stressed laboratory instruction in applied science and engineering. It has since played a key role in the development of many aspects of modern science, engineering, mathematics, and technology, and is widely known for its innovation and academic strength.Source
Cambridge, Massachusetts
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Simple, solar-powered water desalination

Simple, solar-powered water desalination

System achieves new level of efficiency in harnessing sunlight to make fresh potable water from seawater. A completely passive solar-powered desalination system developed by researchers at MIT and in China could provide more than 1.5 gallons of fresh drinking water per hour for every square meter of solar collecting area. Such systems could potentially serve off-grid arid coastal areas to provide an efficient, low-cost water source. The system uses multiple layers of flat solar evaporators and condensers, lined up in a vertical array and topped with transparent aerogel insulation. It is...

February 12, 2020
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Half of U.S. deaths related to air pollution are linked to out-of-state emissions

Half of U.S. deaths related to air pollution are linked to out-of-state emissions

Abby AbazoriusEmail: Phone: 617-253-2709MIT News Office1 images for downloadMedia can only be downloaded from the desktop version of this website.More than half of all air-quality-related early deaths in the United States are a result of emissions originating outside of the state in which those deaths occur, MIT researchers report today in the journal Nature.The study focuses on the years between 2005 and 2018 and tracks combustion emissions of various polluting compounds from various sectors, looking at every state in the contiguous United States, from season to season and year to year.In...

February 14, 2020
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Why C. difficile infection spreads despite increased sanitation practices

Why C. difficile infection spreads despite increased sanitation practices

New research from MIT suggests the risk of becoming colonized by Clostridium difficile (C. difficile) increases immediately following gastrointestinal (GI) disturbances that result in diarrhea.Once widely considered an antibiotic- and hospital-associated pathogen, recent research into C. difficile has shown the infection is more frequently acquired outside of hospitals. Now, a team of researchers has shown that GI disturbances, such as those caused by food poisoning and laxative abuse, trigger susceptibility to colonization by C. difficile, and carriers remain C. difficile-positive for a...

February 14, 2020
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MIT researchers identify security vulnerabilities in voting app

MIT researchers identify security vulnerabilities in voting app

Abby AbazoriusEmail: Phone: 617-253-2709MIT News Office1 images for downloadMedia can only be downloaded from the desktop version of this website.In recent years, there has been a growing interest in using internet and mobile technology to increase access to the voting process. At the same time, computer security experts caution that paper ballots are the only secure means of voting.Now, MIT researchers are raising another concern: They say they have uncovered security vulnerabilities in a mobile voting application that was used during the 2018 midterm elections in West Virginia. Their...

February 14, 2020
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“Sensorized” skin helps soft robots find their bearings

“Sensorized” skin helps soft robots find their bearings

Flexible sensors and an artificial intelligence model tell deformable robots how their bodies are positioned in a 3D environment. For the first time, MIT researchers have enabled a soft robotic arm to understand its configuration in 3D space, by leveraging only motion and position data from its own “sensorized” skin. Soft robots constructed from highly compliant materials, similar to those found in living organisms, are being championed as safer, and more adaptable, resilient, and bioinspired alternatives to traditional rigid robots. But giving autonomous control to these deformable...

February 17, 2020
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Artificial intelligence yields new antibiotic

Artificial intelligence yields new antibiotic

Abby AbazoriusEmail: Phone: 617-253-2709MIT News Office1 images for downloadMedia can only be downloaded from the desktop version of this website.Using a machine-learning algorithm, MIT researchers have identified a powerful new antibiotic compound. In laboratory tests, the drug killed many of the world’s most problematic disease-causing bacteria, including some strains that are resistant to all known antibiotics. It also cleared infections in two different mouse models.The computer model, which can screen more than a hundred million chemical compounds in a matter of days, is designed to...

February 22, 2020
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Seeding oceans with iron may not impact climate change

Seeding oceans with iron may not impact climate change

Abby AbazoriusEmail: Phone: 617-253-2709MIT News OfficeHistorically, the oceans have done much of the planet’s heavy lifting when it comes to sequestering carbon dioxide from the atmosphere. Microscopic organisms known collectively as phytoplankton, which grow throughout the sunlit surface oceans and absorb carbon dioxide through photosynthesis, are a key player.To help stem escalating carbon dioxide emissions produced by the burning of fossil fuels, some scientists have proposed seeding the oceans with iron — an essential ingredient that can stimulate phytoplankton growth. Such “iron...

February 22, 2020
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How to deflect an asteroid

How to deflect an asteroid

MIT engineers devise a decision map to identify the best mission type to deflect an incoming asteroid. On April 13, 2029, an icy chunk of space rock, wider than the Eiffel Tower is tall, will streak by Earth at 30 kilometers per second, grazing the planet’s sphere of geostationary satellites. It will be the closest approach by one of the largest asteroids crossing Earth’s orbit in the next decade. Observations of the asteroid, known as 99942 Apophis, for the Egyptian god of chaos, once suggested that its 2029 flyby would take it through a gravitational keyhole — a location in Earth’s...

February 23, 2020
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How plants protect themselves from sun damage

How plants protect themselves from sun damage

Sarah McDonnellEmail: Phone: 617-253-8923MIT News Office1 images for downloadMedia can only be downloaded from the desktop version of this website.For plants, sunlight can be a double-edged sword. They need it to drive photosynthesis, the process that allows them to store solar energy as sugar molecules, but too much sun can dehydrate and damage their leaves.A primary strategy that plants use to protect themselves from this kind of photodamage is to dissipate the extra light as heat. However, there has been much debate over the past several decades over how plants actually achieve...

March 10, 2020
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Researchers hope to make needle pricks for diabetics a thing of the past

Researchers hope to make needle pricks for diabetics a thing of the past

Sarah McDonnellEmail: Phone: 617-253-8923MIT News Office1 images for downloadMedia can only be downloaded from the desktop version of this website.Patients with diabetes have to test their blood sugar levels several times a day to make sure they are not getting too high or too low. Studies have shown that more than half of patients don’t test often enough, in part because of the pain and inconvenience of the needle prick.One possible alternative is Raman spectroscopy, a noninvasive technique that reveals the chemical composition of tissue, such as skin, by shining near-infrared light on it....

February 11, 2020
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